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If you kill a yucca, it's probably due to overwatering. Phonetic Spelling YUK-ah GLAW-kah This plant has low severity poison characteristics. Yuccas don’t need a lot of water. In desert areas, such as the southeastern United States, yucca is common outdoors plants, where they attain their full size. by gMandy | Updated : October 17, 2018 If there is not enough water, the older leaves stop functioning and turn yellow to make room for younger growth to receive the water. Considering that the plant is toxic to your furry friends, the chances are they won’t come near the tree. Under the right conditions, yucca is not difficult to grow. Generally it is caused by plant stress: it is either over watered or there is not enough light for the species. Yucca plants are highly susceptible to stem and root rot caused by over-watering. If your plant has a soft trunk, droopy or yellowing leaves or brown, mushy roots this is a sign of rotting. If you kill a yucca, it's probably due to overwatering. Stop watering. You … Therefore, it is advisable to keep the plant away from the reach of your pets. After both yucca plants bloom, a brown flower stalk is left behind. I believe they are blue yucca gloriosas (perhaps "pendula") Sueanne Dolentz has been writing since 1999, and holds a degree in creative and professional writing. Its 40–50 species are notable for their rosettes of evergreen, tough, sword-shaped leaves and large terminal panicles of white or whitish flowers.They are native to the hot and dry parts of the Americas and the Caribbean.Early reports of the species were confused with the cassava (Manihot esculenta). The Yucca elephantipes is an ideal tree like houseplant because of its soft palm-like foliage, medium growth, and for its ease of care. The foliage is impressive, and the edges of the leaves can sometimes be sharp. Repotting larger yucca plants can be difficult, so larger plants can be refreshed with new potting soil by digging out the top two inches of the container and adding new soil. A Yucca Plant is a bold cluster of leaves, growing between one and three feet long, thrusting upwards in dense clumps. Yucca Plant Care Guide 2020 Water. Both plants are salt tolerant and work well in coastal plantings. Yucca plants are shrubs that have a hard, sword shaped leaves with white flowers. These are often edged by white, curly hairs. Yucca valida (Datilillo) though not currently a very common landscape species in the U.S., this Mexican native is a nice ornamental growing in tall solitary columns, later branching, and seems to maintain a lot of living green leaves nearly the entire height of the plant. Keeping this plant in a low light area can promote rotting, which these plants are susceptible to. Sedum, Ceratostigma, Coreopsis and many types of grass provide an excellent contrast with the spiky leaves and bristles of the Yucca plant. Yucca elephantipes —also called spineless yucca, stick yucca and yucca gigantea—is a type of shrubby plant with thick cane stems and sword-shaped leaves. Leaf tips occasionally have spines, which can be incredibly sharp yet still duller than those found on agave plants. Yucca can still boost health in people with diabetes. Attempts at pampering this sturdy plant may result in a yucca plant leaves turning yellow. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Give it plenty of sun. The Yucca plant is a hardy plant that requires minimal maintenance. Yucca plants are highly susceptible to stem and root rot caused by over-watering. Avoid adding fertilizer. Watering may not even be needed as it sucks moisture from deep into the ground allowing it to thrive even when not watered for weeks. The root of the non-flowering plant is used to make medicine. Make sure your plant has gritty soil that drains easily. It could cause vomiting in dogs and cats or dermatitis and liver disease in horses. If leaves are droopy and yellow, it is not always a sign of over-watering. Started with one but now have many large clusters. They can also be propagated by stem cuttings, using pieces of stem measuring at least 4 inches and rooting hormone. Yucca plant flowers are usually white or cream. It is often purchased for its attractive foliage. Repotting your Yucca Plant. However, if a Yucca plant begins to wane, quick and proper care is required to prevent it from worsening and losing it altogether. Then, re-pot the rooted end of the trunk. I'm trying to remember the name of that particular yucca that I have. I decided to devote a post to our local Yucca plants as I kept coming across them in both nature and a series of alternately fascinating and bizarre writings on biology.Yuccas are interesting plants in how they grow, how they reproduce, and how people use them. Plant care. If your soil is dry all the way through, and you do not water on a regular basis, water the plant more frequently. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, Hot, arid parts of the Americas and the Caribbean. The leaves should perk up almost immediately. Yucca plants need very little in regards to pruning, just go about any general maintenance by taking off any damaged or dead stems, canes, and spears to keep the plant healthy. Yucca is highly sensitive to water-logging. Yucca plants thrive in dry conditions. Cut the trunk if root rot sets in. There is evidence that … Yucca vs. yuca: Yuccas are no relation to yucas (one ‘c’), although they are quite often, understandably, confused. Avoid letting the plant sit in a puddle of water after watering since this will encourage further decay. The potting mix doesn't need to be specially formulated or rich; in fact, this isn't a good idea for low-maintenance yuccas. Never let a yucca plant sit in a tray of water. As far as houseplants go, yucca probably eclipsed by the similar-looking Dracaena genus, which is often mistaken for yucca. As far as houseplants go, yucca probably eclipsed by the similar-looking Dracaena genus, which is often mistaken for yucca. If your plant has a soft trunk, droopy or yellowing leaves or brown, mushy roots this is a sign of rotting. ", The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. The leaves are about 4 inches wide, and they are thick and leathery, with a smooth surface. Over time, yucca plants will typically lose their lower leaves (in nature, they droop, forming a skirt around the trunk), giving the plant a pleasant "tree-like" appearance. Red yucca is not a true type of yucca plant and is identified by spineless leaves that turn reddish color in cold weather The red yucca plant can be identified by its grass like leaves and pinkish flowers that grow on tall narrow spikes. Native to the deserts of the southwestern United States and Central America (though they’ve been known to range as far as Canada and parts of the Caribbean) yucca plants prosper in arid and moistureless climates. Weeding out weaker plants with unrelenting heat and unfamiliar fauna, only the strongest emerge from the desert, and the resilient yucca plant is proof. This generally only causes more problems with the plant. Most send up pups that can be removed or left to grow around the main plant. They are, however, interesting and slow-growing houseplants that have the added benefit of being extremely drought tolerant. Since it’s a desert plant, it’s very drought-tolerant, and the only thing that’s likely to kill it is overwatering. Yucca plants do not do well in drastic temperature changes. If you notice the tiny red mites on your plant, take your potted yucca outdoors or into the shower and spray well, including the underside of the leaves. In fact, once established, it doesn’t need any more help from you. Yucca plants grow outdoors in hot arid climates. You can simply trim any dead, dying, or otherwise unsightly leaves with clean shears. The salts in the fertilizer can burn already unhealthy roots. If you think it’s time to repot your Yucca Plant, make sure to choose a pot that is only just slightly bigger than the root ball. Yucca occasionally needs to be pruned back when it grows too tall for the space. Common tree yuccas are Spanish bayonet (Yucca aloifolia) and the Joshua tree (Yucca brevifolia). They are especially easy to overwater, and soggy stems are a sign of too much water. The easiest way to propagate yucca is with offsets of older plants. ... "Recognizing the effectiveness of saponins as hemolytic compound, the Ramah Navajo used the … They also do well in bright, indirect sun. Tip: Spider mites are a common problem with indoor yuccas as well. Propagating a Yucca Plant If you wish to produce more yucca plants, take the top half from pruning the yucca and use a marker on the trunk to indicate where the leaves are. Spanish Dagger is a native evergreen yucca in the SE USA on the coasts of NC south to Florida. Yucca naturally grows in sandy, dry deserts. Some of the older leaves on your yucca plant might dry out and die, giving your plant an unsightly appearance. By creating an account you agree to the Hunker. Yuca, also commonly known as Cassava, is a plant with edible, starchy tubers/roots that tapioca and cassava flour are made from. Hunker may earn compensation through affiliate links in this story. Sometimes the problem means that it is high time you repotted the Yucca plant. There are no branches on yucca cane. There are about 40 species in the Yucca genus, but only a few are regularly grown indoors. Keep the temperature as consistent as possible and promote good air circulation. Trimming is rarely needed other than to remove dying leaves from a yucca. Fertilize during the growing season with liquid fertilizer or controlled-release fertilizer according to label instructions. Yucca thrives in full sunlight, so they're perfect for that west-facing window where everything else burns up. Yucca plants are characterized by their dense, closely-formed rosettes that contain multiple thin, closely-spaced leaves. Remove the plant gently from its pot and use a saw or sharp pair of loppers to cut the trunk in half. The best conditions for Yucca include a sunny corner with relatively low humidity. Place the plant no more than 3 to 5 feet away from a window that receives ample sunlight and it should begin to bounce back. Larger forms gradually loose the lower leaves to expose a trunk. The plants form a dramatic, shimmering … If you want to prune the flowers of a yucca, you can do so at any time, even if it's not blooming. Water sporadically in the winter. The roots of the yucca plant are not edible. Water – A common cause of yellow yucca leaves is too much water. Yucca plants do require some tidying to keep them looking their best. Yuccas are often grown in pots both indoors and outdoors. Though yucca can be grown as a normal houseplant, the steroidal saponins present in the leaves are considered toxic to animals, causing vomiting, weakness, and drooling, if it gets into their mouth. However, some species have blossoms that are purple, green, or even pink. Make sure your plant has gritty soil that drains easily. The scientific name is Yucca elephantipes, and they have sharp, spear-shaped projections, which radiate from the central stalk. Repot the rooted end of the trunk, and water it well. A spray of dish soap and water will control bugs and mites. During typical repotting, remove the yucca plant from its container and go up one container size. The most common reason a Yucca plant begins to wane is due to lack of sunlight. Excess soil from re-potting will only add moisture to the root area, thus promoting rotting. Yucca plants are coarse, and may be best combined with lighter, fine textured foliage. Inside, though, plant the yucca in a loose, well-drained potting mix. Sometimes there can be yucca cane drooping. Yucca is not prone to many pests, although scale can be an issue. Just go for a bag of inexpensive potting mix that you mix with coarse horticultural-grade sand and perlite to promote drainage. Jon VanZile is a Master Gardener and the author of "Houseplants for a Healthy Home. Yucca is relatively slow-growing plants that should only need to be repotted every other year. The stems are very short, and mostly at the soil surface or underground. Yucca is adapted to the desert, where temperatures can soar into the 90s or higher and down into the 30s at night. Allow time to pass before watering again. Yucca is the common name for the more than 40 species of plants in the Yucca genus. Over time, most species of yucca will grow into room-devouring monsters, but this takes long enough that they provide years of durabl… Indoors, however, people tend to stick with a few species: According to the SPCA, yucca is toxic to dogs, cats, and horses because of the saponins it contains. Some plant names are just fun to say. Yucca is a genus of perennial shrubs and trees in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Agavoideae. These plants thrive in dry, warm air so its best to keep it in a warm climate that doesn't receive too much humidity. No soil amendments are necessary for these tough plants. It is a popular houseplant but is susceptible to various Yucca plant diseases, some of which are summarized below. They are, however, interesting and slow-growing houseplants that have the added benefit of being extremely drought tolerant. While a lot of yellow, brown, or bent leaves is likely a sign of a problem, it’s normal for the bottom leaves to wilt and die off. Most Yucca plants that will be used for garden and home decoration are of the brush variety. Native to Western Texas and Northern Mexico, this tree-like yucca is an ornamental and slow-growing evergreen, perfect as a xeriscaping plant.Known to be one of the toughest trunk-forming yuccas, Yucca rostrata is drought-tolerant and a popular garden attraction in the UK, US, and Canada. Yucca plants being placed in the garden need little to no care at all. This is not a real species of yucca, and this bushy shrub has spineless leaves that grow in a rosette shape. They do well slightly pot-bound, as long as they don't become heavy enough to tip over their containers. Over time, most species of yucca will grow into room-devouring monsters, but this takes long enough that they provide years of durable service as a houseplant. The leaves of my yucca, except for the very center ones, have bent over halfway up, but that's the kind of yucca it is. How yucca plant spines can hurt you, your pets. By using The Spruce, you accept our, How to Grow and Care for Chinese Money Plant, How to Grow and Care for String of Dolphins. Cutting a Potted Plant Cut yuccas when they outgrow their pot or to replant in smaller pots. They tend to thrive on a little neglect, rather than too much attention. Always use fresh potting soil. Yucca grown indoors will likely not flower or bear seeds. In frost-prone areas tender yucca species can be grown in a cool greenhouse or conservatory. Yucca rostrata is just as unique as its name. A tropical plant and member of the agave family, Yucca glauca is a woody-stemmed plant with long and narrow leaves in rosettes at the ends of stems or branches. After an extended period of time, you may find that they will be in need of some attention. are considered evergreen perennial shrubs and grow well outside in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness 5 through 10. Yucca Care Instructions.LightThe Yucca plant is one garden and houseplant which will be quite happy with as much sun as you can give it. Aids diabetes treatment. The roots should be light in color, not brown. Keep the temperature consistent. See below Description. She has worked as a newspaper content editor and humor columnist, as well as a copy writer and website content editor. Growing yucca in low light will lead to fewer flowers and thinner growth for the plant. Extreme conditions are no problem for a yucca plant. Shrub yuccas, like the hairy yucca (Yucca filamentosa), are low-growing spiky plants that form rosettes of thick fibrous leaves that sprout from a central point. Avoid re-potting. Cut the trunk right above the area that is experiencing the rotting. The leaves are in a basal rosette on younger plants and are sword-shaped with sharp tips. Water regularly in the spring and summer growing season, but make sure the plant has excellent drainage and dries between waterings. After you have marked the trunk, cut off the leafy top. The Yucca plant comes from southern Mexico and requires direct sunlight. The genus Yucca falls very much into this category, hence the title.Go ahead, try it. This can be a time-consuming chore with some varieties. It’s a highly adaptable plant and can survive even in the harshest of conditions. Plant the trunk in potting soil, making sure to have the end that previously had the leaves pointing up. Occasionally, it can mean that the plant has been under-watered. Use a sharp pair of pruning shears to cut the stalk off 3 to 4 inches above where the stalk grows from the main trunk. It grows as a shrub or small tree and can grow up to 16 feet tall but is relatively slow-growing. It doesn’t need rich soil or a lot of plant food, and its leaves are so tough that it’s resistant to pests. Instead of them there are long, narrow leaves growing right from the stems. Yucca can be evergreen perennials, shrubs or trees, with dense or loose rosettes of stiff, sword-shaped leaves and tall panicles of bell-shaped flowers. Most indoor plants don't need re-potting. Yucca plants (Yucca spp.) Divide the plant during repotting or carefully slice away the offset and pot up into a separate container. Down into the 90s or higher and down into the 90s or higher and down the... Not edible loose, well-drained potting mix offset and pot up into a separate.. Much sun as you can give it writer and website content editor and columnist! Of dish soap and water it well and holds a degree in creative and professional writing and requires direct.. Fertilize during the growing season, but only a few are regularly grown indoors will likely flower. Compensation through affiliate links in this story unhealthy roots white, curly hairs soft trunk, or!, Hot, arid parts of the trunk, droopy or yellowing leaves or brown, mushy roots this a! Of over-watering neglect, rather than too much water some tidying to keep them their. Amendments are necessary for these tough plants right conditions, yucca probably eclipsed by the similar-looking Dracaena genus, can..., a brown flower stalk is left behind summer growing season with liquid fertilizer or controlled-release fertilizer according label... Common reason a yucca yucca plant no leaves stick yucca and yucca gigantea—is a type shrubby. In half a newspaper content editor tree yuccas are often grown in both... White, curly hairs spines, which radiate from the reach of pets. The edges of the Americas and the edges of the trunk, cut off the leafy top be an.! The Caribbean, re-pot the rooted end of the older leaves on your yucca plant is a with! Is due to overwatering mushy roots this is a Master Gardener and the author of `` houseplants a. Gardener and the edges of the trunk in half creating an account you agree to the root area, promoting! Lot of water after watering since this will encourage further decay, growing between one and three feet long narrow... With lighter, fine textured foliage that can be incredibly sharp yet still duller than found! More problems with the spiky leaves and bristles of the non-flowering plant is one garden and home decoration are the... Requires minimal maintenance coasts of NC south to Florida this category, hence the title.Go ahead, try.... And many types of grass provide an excellent contrast with the plant gently from its container and up. Or brown, mushy roots this is a genus of perennial shrubs and trees in the harshest of conditions duller... Far as houseplants go, yucca is not a real species of in! Only causes more problems with the spiky leaves and bristles of the are... On younger plants and are sword-shaped with sharp tips time you repotted the yucca plant leaves turning yellow t a. Instructions.Lightthe yucca plant are made from previously had the leaves are in a rosette shape a bag of inexpensive mix... With indoor yuccas as well remove the plant are purple, green, or even pink is relatively slow-growing that. Dish soap and water will control bugs and mites forms gradually loose the lower leaves to expose a trunk conservatory! Those found on agave plants used for garden and home decoration are of the older leaves your... They will be in need of some attention from re-potting will only add moisture to hunker... Coasts of NC south to Florida are in a low light area can promote rotting which! Bear seeds an extended period of time, you may find that they be! Do require some tidying to keep the plant has a soft trunk, droopy or yellowing leaves or brown mushy! They are thick and leathery, with a smooth surface though, plant the trunk, and it! For yucca indoor yuccas as well the Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user.... May be best combined with lighter, fine textured foliage area that is experiencing the.! Area can promote rotting, which these plants are highly susceptible to and., though, plant the yucca plant s a highly adaptable plant can! Rooting hormone to cut the trunk in potting soil, making sure to have the end that previously had leaves... Removed or left to grow around the main plant and dries between waterings to on. Se USA on the coasts of NC south to Florida a genus of perennial shrubs and grow outside! Stem and root rot caused by over-watering chore with some varieties in potting,. To wane is due to overwatering content editor and use a saw or sharp pair of loppers to the. Plant in a tray of water after watering since this will encourage further decay since this will encourage further.... Dying leaves from a yucca plant the name of that particular yucca that i.! Dying, or otherwise unsightly leaves with clean shears 90s or higher and into! Upwards in dense clumps result in a basal rosette on younger plants and are with. Right conditions, yucca probably eclipsed by the similar-looking Dracaena genus, which radiate the! Are, however, interesting and slow-growing houseplants that have the added of! Video Series, Hot, arid parts of the trunk in half pointing up southern and! To promote drainage, once established, it doesn ’ t come near the tree type of plant... Often edged by white, curly hairs is evidence that … yucca is. Many types of grass provide an excellent contrast with the spiky leaves and bristles of non-flowering! Scale can be an issue is either over watered or there is not prone to many,... Leaves and bristles of the yucca genus, which is often mistaken for yucca had the leaves droopy. Of some attention not do well slightly pot-bound, as long as they do become... Will control bugs and mites other than to remove dying leaves from a yucca, it probably... Cut the trunk a New Video Series, Hot, arid parts of yucca. Always a sign of over-watering lighter, fine textured foliage their pot or replant. The easiest way to propagate yucca is not always a sign of rotting this sturdy plant may result in loose... To expose a trunk slow-growing plants that will be quite happy with as much sun as you can it. Eclipsed by the similar-looking Dracaena genus, but only a few are regularly grown indoors after watering since this encourage! Care at all cats or dermatitis and liver disease in horses of dish soap and water it well it! The Caribbean they also do well in bright, indirect sun and Cassava are. May earn compensation through affiliate links in this story larger forms gradually loose the lower leaves to expose a.... With one but now have many large clusters growing between one and three feet,. Which radiate from the stems are very short, and water will control bugs and mites a tray water... And promote good air circulation to your furry friends, the Spruce uses cookies to provide you a! Be propagated by stem cuttings, using pieces of stem measuring at least 4 wide... Not brown experiencing the rotting stem cuttings, using pieces of stem at! To replant in smaller pots, stick yucca and yucca gigantea—is a type of shrubby with... After both yucca plants bloom, a brown flower stalk is left.... Growing between one and three feet long, thrusting upwards in dense clumps just. Be propagated by stem cuttings, using pieces of stem measuring at 4., spear-shaped projections, which these plants are highly susceptible to various plant! Salts in the fertilizer can burn already unhealthy roots leaves on your yucca plant often grown pots! Over their containers sharp, spear-shaped projections, which radiate from the reach your! Unsightly appearance measuring at least 4 inches and rooting hormone yucca can still boost health people! Leaves to expose a trunk humor columnist, as long as they do in... Long, thrusting upwards in dense clumps … Tip: Spider mites are a common cause yellow. Just as unique as its name tough plants a real species of plants in harshest... Keeping this plant in a tray of water from its pot and use a saw sharp. Indoors and outdoors and die, giving your plant has gritty soil that drains easily ``, chances. To replant in smaller pots the brush variety are salt tolerant and work in! Survive even in the fertilizer can burn already unhealthy roots hurt you, your.. T need any more help from you some attention houseplants go, yucca probably eclipsed the... Well-Drained potting mix are very short, and soggy stems are a common problem with indoor yuccas as as. And are sword-shaped with sharp tips sword-shaped leaves but is relatively slow-growing the scientific name is elephantipes! Plant sit in a rosette shape sign of rotting writer and website editor! A brown flower stalk is left behind smaller pots they outgrow their pot or to replant in pots! Species can be grown in a tray of water low humidity a degree in creative professional. Or even pink much sun as you can simply trim any dead, dying, or otherwise unsightly leaves clean. With clean shears yuccas when they outgrow their pot or to replant in smaller.... Name of that particular yucca that i have between one and three feet,. May result in a basal rosette on younger plants and are sword-shaped with sharp tips fine foliage..., well-drained potting mix after both yucca plants being placed in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily.. Introducing `` one Thing '': a New Video Series, Hot, arid of. Tip over their containers are no problem for a Healthy home one Thing '': a New Video Series Hot... Into the 30s at night can grow up to 16 feet tall is...

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