Poverty line differs from one country to another, depending upon the idea of poverty Poverty line changes from one country to another. Calories and Rupees fixed for rural and urban areas to measure poverty line The policies of the colonial government ruined traditional handicrafts and discouraged development of industries like textiles. There is need for to empower women and economically weaker sections of society. What is poverty? 181.50 and Rs. In India, the poverty line is determined through a minimum level of food requirement, clothing, footwear, fuel and light, educational and medical requirement, etc.. Poverty line is usually calculated by finding the total cost of all the essential resources that an average human adult consumes in one year. Question 7. For example, the poverty level for a household of four in 2020 is an annual income of $26,200. More than 56% of rural population was living below poverty in 1973 which has come down to 34%. Poverty is the lack of basic human needs such as Nutrition, health care education, clothing and shelter, because of the inability to afford them. Those races which have greater height and build require higher calories. (i) Odisha, Bihar and Chattisgarh. They are helped in setting up small business and industries. Mention any two indicators of poverty. Other Indicators of Poverty: Now poverty is looked through other social indicators like illiteracy level, â¦ In 2014, 49.9% of the population aged 15 years and above were employed. 9. (ii) Rural Employment Gener¬ation Programme (REGP). (ii) Apart from the social groups, there is also inequality of incomes within a family. Explain. Discuss the major reasons for poverty in India. 1. According to 2018 Census figures, more than 38.1 million people in the U.S. lived below the poverty line, which was 1.4 million fewer people than in 2017. The Prime Minister Rozgar Yojana. These surveys are carried out by the National Sample Survey Organisation. (a) $1 Or Over dependence on agriculture Even after more than 60 years of independence more than 60 per cent of our total population still depends on agriculture for its livelihood. During the British rule, the government adopted policies to discourage such industries. (ii) What is an average Indian poverty ratio? Answer: Due to shortage of inputs, our agriculture is backward. What is mass poverty? Name an organisation which is responsible for estimating poverty. Answer: Question 3. (iii) What are the main features of the National Rural Employ¬ment Guarantee Act, 2005? [CBSE 2015] Poverty is a social condition that is characterized by the lack of resources necessary for basic survival or necessary to meet a certain minimum level of living standards expected for the place where one lives. Other Indicators of Poverty: Now poverty is looked through other social indicators like illiteracy level, … Poverty trends in India and the world are illustrated through the concept of the poverty line. (i) Human poverty is a broader concept of poverty. Since the eighties, India’s economic growth has been one of the fastest in the world. Poverty trends in India and the world are illustrated through the concept of the poverty line. One- third of the proposed jobs would be reserved for women. ‘The results of poverty alleviation programmes have been mixed.’ Give any four reasons. Due to shortage of inputs, our agriculture is backward. Around about 50 % of urban population was living below poverty in 1973 which has come down to 27%. Class 9 Social Science Poverty and Hunger Textual Questions and Answers. The high birth rate leads to a mismatch between resources and population. U.S. Federal Poverty Guidelines Used to Determine Financial Eligibility for Certain Federal Programs [Federal Register Notice, January 17, 2020 Full text][Prior Poverty Guidelines and Federal Register References Since 1982][Frequently Asked Questions(FAQs)][Further Resources on Poverty Measurement, Poverty Lines, and Their History][Computations for the 2020 Poverty Guidelines] ‘The current anti- poverty strategy of the government is based broadly on two planks’. Mention one reason. Ans. Identify the various groups vulnerable to poverty. These physical quantities are multiplied by their prices in rupees. What are the major features of poverty? The programme aims at bringing the assisted poor families Name any two poverty and unemployment alleviation programmes which have been initiated by the government to remove poverty and unemployment in rural areas. Give reason. Ans. Official poverty estimates which were about 45 per cent in the early 1950s remained the same even in the early eighties. (iii) Due to lack of job opportunities and high density of population. It is high in the rural areas because of more physical work done by the rural people. In India poverty is calculated on the basis of the desired calorie requirement. Answer: Poverty is a curse because most of the poor people live with a sense of helplessnes. Later, the scheme will be extended to 600 districts. What is poverty line? I. Rural Employment Generation Programme. reduced through land reform measures. Question 5. ‘One historical reason is the low level of economic development under the British colonial administration.’ Explain. Name a poverty alleviation programme for rural areas with its objectives. Question 4. In India, the poverty line is determined through a minimum level of food requirement, clothing, footwear, fuel and light, educational and medical requirement, etc.. Social groups which are most vulnerable to poverty : Scheduled caste and scheduled tribes. This would translate into a decrease in households considered poor, namely a drop from 525,743 households falling below the poverty line in 2016 to 405,441 households in 2019. Causes of poverty as well as anti-poverty measures taken by the government are also discussed. Or The poverty line fixed for the rural and urban areas in India according in the year 2012 was Rs 816 and Rs 1000 per person per month respectively. Question 9. (i) Identify the three states where the poverty ratio is the highest. There has been a lot of overlapping of schemes. How is the poverty line estimated periodically? If you spend more than you make, you are not below the poverty line. Each country uses an imaginary line that is considered appropriate for its existing level of development and its accepted minimum social norms. (iv) Why the states named by you in part (ii) have a low poverty ratio? 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